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    The VW Campervan
    A Camplete History


Plans, Prototypes and Pon

It all started with a man called Ben Pon. Mr Pon was a Dutch businessman, who began importing Volkswagen Beetles into the Netherlands in 1947.

After visiting a VW factory in Wolfsburg, he sketched out an idea for a brand new automobile. The VW engineers would use this as inspiration for the VW campervan.


At a press conference on November 11th, 1949, the T1 Volkswagen was revealed to the world. Engineers had built the prototype using Pon’s sketch.

It was VW’s first attempt at a ‘bus class’ motor vehicle, and was recognised as a huge success story. This exact T1 can be found today at the Volkswagen AutoMuseum.


The Campervan is Born

Type 2 of the T1 went into production in early 1950, with VW building two different models – the commercial Transporter, and the Kombi.

Type 2 of the T1 went into production on March 8th 1950, with VW committing to building a total of ten automobiles per day.

There were two different models produced. The commercial Transporter, and the Kombi, which had two side windows and a couple of removable seats in the back.

A couple of different nicknames were given to the Type 2, including ‘Splitty’ due to the front windscreen being split into two windows, and ‘Bulli’, which was originally supposed to be the official name.


The following year, VW releases a new Type 2 T1 model to market. Known as the ‘Samba’, this bus has 21 windows located all the way around, with the option of having two more in the roof.

In 1953 Wesfalia introduced the Camping Box - a set of removable camping furniture.


The Transporter model goes on sale in the UK, at a price of £668 (the equivalent of around £17,286 in today’s money).

Initial sales figures were underwhelming, with just 786 units being sold that year. However, things quickly began to pick up as the model gained in popularity.


The VW brand was thriving. Interest in the T1 ‘Bulli’ models was increasing year after year, and the car maker was struggling to cope with all the demand.

Having already opened factories in Brunswick and Hannover (and having capacity at the Wolfsburg plant maxed out), the company decided to establish another base in Kassell.

Demand for its T1 ‘Bulli’ models had been increasing year after year, and the car maker was struggling to cope with.

In 1955 the first Westfalia production line fully fitted camper,The Export, went into production. Although a one-off fitted camper was specially built by Westfalia in 1952


Introducing the T2

After 16 years of production, the one millionth Transporter vehicle was built at the VW factory in Hannover. It would take just six more years before VW reached the two million landmark.


1968 saw the dawn of a new era at Volkswagen. Having stopped production of the T1 model a year earlier, the car maker began its rollout of the T2.

Although it looks pretty similar to the T1, the T2 was almost entirely different. It had a new engine, new suspension, and a stabilising bar was added to the back.

The biggest difference, however, is that the split windscreen was replaced with a singular window panel. And so the nickname ‘Splitty’ was no more.


Type 2, T2, Take 2

A new version of the T2 was introduced in 1973. It was referred to as the ‘late-bay’, with previous models being labelled ‘early-bay’.

The ‘late-bay’ had a slightly different look, including a square style bumper. It also had advanced safety features (such as improved brakes) and the option of a larger engine.


A decade after the introduction of the T2, VW began production on any even newer model. The T3 was released in May 1979.

The Westfalia camper version of the T3 was heavily marketed by VW, noting features including a pop-up roof, a stove and a sink.


Mechanical Modifications

For the first time, VW campervans are fitted with a diesel engine. It was the same engine previously introduced into the VW Golf.


VW begins production on a new version of the 'Samba Bus', known as the 'Caravelle'.

It had a fresh new look, upgraded features and was built with “comfortable passenger transport” in mind. It could also be converted into a cosy living space.


The introduction of the VW Transporter 'Syncro', a four-wheel drive vehicle with a higher level of utility. Perfectly suited to off-road driving.


Westfalia’s campervan modifications underwent an overhaul 1988 with a completely new look. This more modern vehicle was known as the “California Volkswagen Motorhome”.


The Revolutionary T4

The 90s began with a brand new generation of Transporter, known as the T4. Whilst mainly used as a commercial vehicle, a Caravelle version was available.

VW considered this model to be revolutionary – comparable to when they went from the Beetle to the Golf in 1974.

The T4 was an upgrade in every way. It has a new design, more power, a front water-cooled engine, and was much more ideal for converting to a small or medium-sized campervan.

Production of the T3 continued until 2002.


Thirty-five years after producing the one millionth Transporter vehicle, VW rolled out number eight million – including one million T4 models.


The Modern Era

VW’s Hannover factory saw record production in 2000, building a total of 178,000 automobiles. Approximately 139,000 of these were Transporter, Caravelle and Multivan models.


After an official unveiling in 2002, the T5 went into full production in 2003. Both the Transporter model and the Caravelle range were made available.

In addition, a new version of the California Motorhome was released – this time built in-house by VW.

It was the perfect modern day campervan. Fully-equipped with beds, a fold-up table, seats and a sink.

A more affordable option, named the ‘California Beach’, included just a bed.

What's Next?

Following the release of the T6 model in 2015, VW decided to do something bold. They began working on a brand new, futuristic, self-driving campervan. Based on the old 60s design, this retro vehicle is sure to be a hit with lifelong fans of the VW van series. Watch the video to the left for a look at what's to come.

Mods, Conversions & Specials

The great thing about the VW campervan is how versatile it is. Many people have put lots of effort into customising their vans, in order to get it looking, and working, exactly how they want. Here are a few of our favourites from over the years…